Higher education in Greece consists of two sectors: the University Sector, which includes Universities, and the Technological Sector, which includes Higher Technological Education Institutions (TEI). Currently there are 24 Universities and 16 TEIs, all of which are considered accredited by Greek state.
The University Sector aims at establishing, producing and developing science and technology, achieving country’s future scientists’ high level, comprehensive, theoretical and applied training while promoting and developing scientific research and offers a variety of topics to study. Most of the buildings are of particular historical and architectural importance and they definitely deserve your visit. I will introduce you to some of the most famous of the Athenian Universities and not only…
1. Athens University of Economics & Business – The Economics Science Experts
The Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB) was originally founded in 1920 under the name of Athens School of Commercial Studies. It is the third oldest University in Greece and the oldest one in the general fields of Economics and Business. From 1999 onwards, the University developed even further and nowadays it includes eight academic departments, offering 8 undergraduate degrees, 32 Master degrees and an equivalent number of Doctoral Programs.
2. National Technical University of Athens – A Symbol of Democracy
Founded in 1837, almost along with the modern Greek state, NTUA is the oldest Technical University in Greece. Initially established by a royal decree “on architectural education” it was a technical school operating on Sundays and holidays which offered instruction to those desiring to master in architecture. The joint efforts of students and instructors contributed to a continuous growth and to revising standards. The urgent needs for infrastructure to support the ambitious plans of the school led to the 1871 transfer to new buildings on the Patission Street Complex, the historical Polytechnion (meaning in a way the place with a great variety of arts). NTUA has an historical meaning in Greece because of the “Polytechnion Uprising” of the students against the military dictatorship of 1967-74 which ended on November 17th 1973 and united the people of Greece in support of the students around the ideals of Freedom, Democracy, Independence, Education and Social Progress. The Polytechnion Uprising is an outstanding event in recent Greek history. NTUA honored the victims of the Uprising with a monument within its courtyard, opposite the gate which the tanks of the dictatorship demolished that night. The monument was placed alongside the column commemorating the National Resistance. The two memorials emphasize the continued struggle of the Greek people and the country’s youth over the years.
3. Panteion Univeristy of Social & Political Sciences – The social character of public higher education
Panteion University bears the honor of being the oldest University of Social and Political Sciences in Greece, founded in 1927, with a great contribution to fostering and developing the social and political sciences in Greece. It is a University, firmly oriented towards the social character of public higher education linking science and research to practical social activity with a view to maximising its social contribution. Its academia is one of the leading academic communities in Greece with a strong reputation mainly in the fields of constitutional, administrative and international law, in international relations, in economics, in sociology, in political sciences, in psychology and in mass media studies.
4. National Kapodestrian University of Athens – Part of the athenian Panepistimiou trilogy
The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens is the largest state institution of higher learning in Greece, and among the largest universities in Europe. The University of Athens, inaugurated on 3rd May 1837, was first housed in a neoclassical residence, on the northeastern side of the Acropolis, renovated today and operating as the University Museum. Initially named “Othonian University” after Greece’s first King, Othon, it consisted of 4 academic units and 52 students. As it was the first university in the newly established modern Greek state, as well as in the Balkans and the Eastern Meditarranean region, its socio-historically significant role has been decisive for the production of particular knowledge and culture in the country. in front of the University see five statues. The first statue represents the English friend of the Greeks, Gladstone and shows the close relations between Greece and Western Europe. The second statue shows Adamantios Korai from Chios who fought for the spiritual progress of the Greeks. Right from Korai is the statue of Ioannis Kapodistrias Corfu the first governor of Greece. Behind Kapodistrias is Rigas Fereos who fought and died for the freedom of the Greeks. Finally, near the right corner of the University is the Patriarch Gregory V from the Peloponnese killed in Istanbul in 1821.
The Aristotle University of Thessaloniki is the largest university in Greece. The main campus is located in the centre of the city of Thessaloniki, and covers an area of about 33.4 hectares. It comprises 10 faculties which consist of 40 schools and 1 single-School Faculty. Some educational and administrative facilities are located off campus for practical and operational reasons. A number of these facilities are located outside the city of Thessaloniki or even in other cities. About 73.930 students study at the Aristotle University (65.026 in undergraduate programmes and 8.472 in postgraduate programmes, of which 3952 at Doctoral level).