Athenian Monuments – City Pin 11
Parthenon – The Acropolis
The temples on the sacred rock of the Acropolis, built between 447 and 438 BC, are some of the world’s most famous buildings. They influenced the architecture of the Western World as the Periklean Parthenon was designed by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates, while the sculptor Pheidias supervised the entire project. The temple overlooks the city of Athens and was dedicated by the Athenians to goddes Athena Parthenos, the patron of their city.
The Panathenaic stadium
The Panathenaic Stadium was originally built in the 4th century B.C. and was used as the main stadium for the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. Originally was built for the athletic competitions of the Great Panathinaia, the “Kallimarmaron” Stadium, which means “beautiful marble”.
Philopappos – Muses Hill
The Philopappos – Muses Hill is the highest of the three hills just west of the Acropolis. From this place one can enjoy a full view of the Acropolis, the majestic Parthenon and of course the city of Athens. It is named after a monument erected at the top of the hill in honor of the Roman senator Philopappos.
The Odeon (Theater) of Herodes Atticus
The odeon -the Herodeion- is today the main venue for the summer Athens Festival’s performances. It was established in the second century AD by the magnate Athenian Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife. It was then used as a concert hall, plays and other events.
Academy of Athens, University and the National Library
The Academy, the University and the National Library are the most magnificent of all the neoclassical buildings that were constructed in Athens during the 19th century after the city had become capital of the newly created Greek state. The library is now relocated to the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Centre. The three buildings are part of the architectural “trilogy” which was designed by the Danish architect Theophil Hansen in 1859. Dont forget to check out the Statue of Socrates with the Apollo column and the Plato.
The Erectheion was associated with some of the most ancient and holy relics of the Athenians. The temple as seen today was built between 421 and 406 BCE. On the north side, there is a large porch with six Ionic columns, and on the south, the famous “Porch of the Maidens”, with six draped female figures “caryatids” as supporting columns.
The pedestrian destrict of Dionysiou Areopagitou starts on Vasilissis Amalias Avenue across the Hadrian’s Arch and continues to the entrance of the Acropolis archaeological site. It is the longest walkway in Athens and will integrate you into a living open-air museum. This street, planted with olive trees to the left and right, practically separate Acropolis hill from the one of Philopappou, Pnyx and the hill of the Nymphs, passing by the Thisio area.
The Ancient Agora was the heart of public life (commercial, social and political) in Ancient Athens. Visit the temple of hephaestus and the stoa of attalos the major commercial building of ancient Athens
The Roman agora and the Library of Hadrian
The fisrt meteorological station (By OlgaBo)
The Roman Agora was built in the first century BC as the new commercial center of Athens. The most famous monument at the site is the Horologion or Tower of the Winds , the oldest meteorological station in the world which calculated the weather and time and for the first time in modern history is open to visitors. Dont forget to visit the Library of Hadrian which is almost as large as the whole Roman Agora, located just south of the library.
Kerameikos (By OlgaBo)
The archaeological site of the Kerameikos, one of the largest cemetery of ancient Athens, located on the northwest edge of the city. As suggested by its name, the Kerameikos (from the Greek word for pottery) was a settlement of potters and vase painters, and the main production centre of the famous Attic vases. The area was discovered in the early twentieth century by German archaeologists.
The Temple of Olympian Zeus and the Arch of Hadrian
The Arch of Hadrian was built by the Emperor Hadrian in 132 AD in order to mark the limit between the Ancient Athens and his new city.The Temple of Olympian Zeus is one of the largest temples in antiquity (6th century BC), with 15 of its 104 columns still standing. According to the traveler Pausanias, it was built by Deucalion, a mythical ancestor of Greeks.
Olympic athletic center
The Olympic Athletic Center of Athens, also known as OAKA, is one of the most complete European athletic complexes where the Athens Olympic Games took place in 2004.
The Temple of Poseidon, the ancient Greek god of the sea, dominates the southernmost tip of Attica. There the horizon meets the Aegean Sea. The temple is one of the most impressive ancient temples in Greece. The unknown architect is probably the same one who built the Temple of Hephaestus in the Ancient Agora of Athens.
The Parliament house, the Syntagma Square and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
The Greek parliament is housed in an imposing building situated at the east side of Syntagma Square. In front of the building is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, which is guarded by the Evzones. Syntagma Square is the most important square in Athens, constantly crowded with locals and tourists.
The Old Parliament Building
The Old Parliament Building is a neoclassical building located in Stadiou street in Athens. An impresive building and one of the most important historic buildings in the city.At the square in front of the builing stands the statue of the general of Greek Revolution in 1821, Theodoros Kolokotronis.
The first cemetery
The First Cemetery of Athens was created in the early nineteenth century and contains the graves and tombs of some of the most notable citizens of modern Greece, including many leading politicians and intellectuals (Greek people and foreigners).It is located behind the Temple of Olympian Zeus and the Panathinaic Stadium in central Athens. The cemetery includes the tomb of Heinrich Schliemann, designed by Ernst Ziller, and one named I Koimomeni (the Sleeping Girl), by the sculptor Yannoulis Chalepas. The cemetery is declared as an historical monument.