The Acropolis of Athens (The Sacred Rock)
The Acropolis of Athens is an ancient citadel located on an extremely rocky outcrop above the city of Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon.
Word Acropolis comes from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, “highest point, extremity”) and πόλις (polis, “city”).
The so called “Sacred Rock” of Athens, is the most important site of the city and constitutes one of the most recognizable monuments of the world. It is the most significant reference point of ancient Greek culture, as well as the symbol of the city of Athens itself as it represent the apogee of artistic development in the 5th century BC. During Perikles’ Golden Age, ancient Greek civilization was represented in an ideal way on the hill and some of the architectural masterpieces of the period were erected on its ground.
Built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates, under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias, the temple is considered as the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the most minimal out of the three classical Greek architectural styles.
The first habitation remains on the Acropolis date from the Neolithic period. Over the centuries, the rocky hill was continuously used either as a cult place or as a residential area or both.
Since 1975 many restoration projects took place and yet The Acropolis remains one of the most important and famous sites of the world!
Opens daily from 8.00 to 18.30